Websites are collections of pages and resources organized under a unique name or online address that is accessible to Internet users. These pages may provide information or services like buying/selling products, downloading digital content, etc..
Tim Berners-Lee, a British physicist at CERN, created the first website in 1990. It was an interactive digital encyclopedia that enabled users to upload and edit information.
Nowadays, virtually every computer on the Internet is equipped with a web browser. When someone types in your domain name into their browser, it sends a request to your web server in order to retrieve all necessary files so that your site can be displayed properly.
Your server processes the files and sends them back to your visitor’s computer – this is known as the page load process. Ideally, this takes between 2 and 5 seconds.
Next, the domain name system (DNS) is utilized to lookup the IP address of your website’s server. This guarantees that your site is hosted on the correct machine and allows visitors to type in your domain name into their browsers and quickly locate your webpage.
Websites come in many forms, from straightforward forms and marketing examples to complex e-commerce stores and interactive sites. Most of these websites use HTML, CSS or a CMS platform for content development; additionally, they offer user-friendly interfaces even for non-coders.